Nagyobb térképre váltás
Before the economic crisis, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia had the 80% of Central and Eastern European electronics industry’s output. After the crisis some countries like Romania or Russia look more important, but the leading 4 countries keep their positions.
The leading locations in the Czech Republic are the capital city Prague and the 2nd largest city Brno http://www2.brno.cz/index.php?lan=en&nav01=112&nav02=1627&nav03=1634 in the South-Eastern part of the country. Both cities have strong technical education on secondary and university level. Electronics has a 20% share In Brno’s economic output, and its two business parks host companies like Acer, Honeywell or Siemens.
source: ITD Hungary
Reed Electronics Research’ Yearbook of World Electronics Data 2009/2010 ranked Hungary as the nr.1 electronics producer in CEE, representing the 30% of the regional production. The traditional electronics cluster located West from Budapest, the Székesfehérvár-Tatabánya-Komárom triangle hosts companies like Nokia, SCI, Philips etc. An emerging location is the Hungarian Plain (“pusta”) East from Budapest, including companies like Samsung, Jabil, Electrolux. Electronics-focused business parks (e.g. Polgar Industrial Park http://www.pip.info.hu/) provide industry-oriented technical education, fast start-up and good logistic support.
Although Slovakia is not a big country (it has ~5 million inhabitants), this is one of the top automotive manufacturing locations of Europe. Beside automotive industry, electronics has strong presence in Slovakia’s Nitra Region (South-West) http://www.sario.sk/userfiles/file/Ensario/PZI/reg/nitra_region.pdf. Leading international companies are Samsung, Sony, Osram and Foxconn.
Poland is the largest economy in Central- and Eastern Europe. International electronics companies like Siemens, Alcatel, Jabil, Toshiba etc employ 30,000 people nationwide. The electronics industry is especially strong in the central regions of the country, the Warsaw-Lodz-Bydgoszcz triangle represents the main cluster. Specialised business parks like „Crystal Park” closed to Bydgoszcz http://www.bydgoszcz.eu/ provide electronics-oriented environment.